Born at Istana Mangga Tunggal in Pekan on Oct 24, 1930, Sultan Ahmad Shah was the third child and only son of Sultan Abu Bakar and his consort Raja Ampuan Fatimah Sultan Iskandar Shah.
He was appointed Tengku Mahkota (Crown Prince) Pahang in 1944 when he was just 14 years old.
He was appointed as the Regent of Pahang on several occasions, namely in 1956, 1959 and 1965, when Sultan Abu Bakar was abroad.
Sultan Ahmad Shah was proclaimed as the fifth Sultan of Pahang on May 7, 1974, following the death of his father. The coronation ceremony was held at the Throne Room, Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan on May 8, 1975.
Sultan Ahmad Shah was elected as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong on Sept 21, 1975. He was the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong from April 26, 1979, to April 25, 1984.
The late ruler was a keen sportsman who loved football, golf and polo.
He was a co-founder and Royal Patron of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Veteran Hockey Association in 1981. He was a president of the Football Association of Malaysia for 30 years, from 1984 to 2014, President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) from 1994 until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011 until 2019.
For his endless efforts and contributions to the sport especially football, he was awarded “Olympic Gold Order” by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1984. In 2011, the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) had bestowed the “Diamond of Asia Award” in reognition of his contributions towards the development of Football in the Asian Continent. Sultan Ahmad Shah also Awarded “Order of Merit Award” by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) at the 62nd FIFA Congress.
After being ill for some time, Sultan Ahmad Shah abdicated with the amendment of the state’s constitution. On 22 May 2019, Sultan Ahmad Shah died on at 8:50 am at the National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur at aged 88.  He was laid to rest next to grave of his late wife, Tengku Ampuan Afzan at the Pahang Royal Mausoleum near Abu Bakar Royal Mosque in Pekan, Pahang